Solid waste management refers to the concept of treating the solid waste properly and recycling them with a defined process in order to conserve the environment. The process opens up avenues to treat the “solid waste” in an efficient manner so that it doesn’t accumulate and pose a threat to the immediate surroundings. There are many aspects that are associated with solid waste management such as planning, administration, finance, engineering and legal concerns. Residential and commercial buildings are the ones that should focus more on solid waste management to bring in a change for the treatment of huge amount of waste.
The effects of industrialization have brought in both good and bad impacts to the society and negative thing being the treatment of solid waste. There is an urgent need to reduce the adverse impacts of solid waste caused on human beings and animals, as this takes a toll on the ecological balance. When the ecological balance is affected, the entire life cycle is disrupted posing a threat for future sustenance. Hence the solid waste management is a must for all buildings.
Sources of solid waste management
With lot of industries being set up in metros and tier II cities nowadays, the contribution of solid waste is apparently huge from these industries. Although enough awareness is being given before the procedural set up of these industries, proper implementation of the process is ignored or becomes uninitiated. The wastes from these industries include demolition and construction materials, medical wastes, ashes, food waste and other hazardous waste.
There are lot of commercial buildings and facilities around us today, which cater to the needs of the common man. Commercial buildings here refer to hotels, restaurants, office buildings and malls. These buildings are a part of everyday lifestyle and the amount of solid waste produced by them goes unnoticed almost every time. The wastes include again plastics, food waste (especially in malls), metals, stationary waste, special wastes and other hazardous waste.
Residential buildings produce waste almost equivalent to that of industrial buildings, but one good thing to be noted is that a lot of awareness and responsibility is there among many residents of today. However that doesn’t specifically stop from accumulating lot of garbage in the form of solid waste. Even though there are initiatives to segregate the garbage as bio degradable and non-bio degradable, the process is not carried out till the end of the chain.
A wake up call is required
There are lot of inconsistencies and miscalculations are pertaining regarding the treatment of waste management is concerned. The government is not capable of setting things straight up all the time, and as citizens everyone has a social responsibility in ensuring a sustainable environment for the future. Hence the NGOs and Government could initiate some changes as a beginning towards solid waste management-
- Basic knowledge on solid waste management and its treatment
- Implementation of technological prowess
- Stringent laws on disposal of waste
- Funds to support planning and research on waste treatment in innovative ways
- A proper community engagement to drive deep behavioural changes.